Divock Origi struck the bar when through on goal in the first half
Liverpool's 68-game unbeaten run at home in the Premier League came to an end as Ashley Barnes fired home a late winner from the penalty spot to secure a famous victory for Burnley.
Barnes was tripped in the box by goalkeeper Alisson with seven minutes remaining and converted the resulting penalty to earn all the points.
Liverpool's last league loss at Anfield came nearly four years ago against Crystal Palace, and they are now six points behind leaders Manchester United at the midway point in the campaign.
Divock Origi was given his first start of the season and should have scored when he ran free on goal after pouncing on Ben Mee's error but struck the crossbar.
The hosts pushed to find the net in the second half but ran out of ideas, Nick Pope making a stunning save to deny Mohamed Salah and fellow substitute Roberto Firmino flicking an effort wide.
Burnley's shock win lifts them up to 16th in the table, seven points clear of the relegation zone.
- Relive Burnley's stunning win at Anfield
Reds out of form
Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp said before the game he was "not worried" by his side's poor form, but the latest setback means this has now turned into a real problem.
After 19 games, Liverpool are out of form and out of confidence, failing to find the net in their last 440 minutes of top-flight action and awaiting their first victory of 2021.
They looked to be hitting their stride on 19 December when they took apart Crystal Palace 7-0, but have not won since and have scored just a solitary goal in that time, against relegation strugglers West Brom.
Their drop off at this same stage from last season is extraordinary - after 19 games last term the Reds were 13 points clear at the top with 55 points, but they have 21 fewer points now.
Aside from Pope's save to thwart Salah and stops from Origi and Trent Alexander-Arnold, Liverpool did not look a side who were threatening to find the net.
They had 72% possession but much of it was slow and ponderous, and although they had spaces out wide and put 30 crosses into the box, the resolute Burnley defenders headed and hacked clear every ball that came in.
More to follow.
Player of the match
with an average of 8.59
LiverpoolAvgSquad number1Player nameAlissonAverage rating
Squad number23Player nameShaqiriAverage rating
Squad number3Player nameFabinhoAverage rating
Squad number32Player nameMatipAverage rating
Squad number26Player nameRobertsonAverage rating
Squad number6Player nameThiago AlcántaraAverage rating
Squad number5Player nameWijnaldumAverage rating
Squad number10Player nameManéAverage rating
Squad number11Player nameMohamed SalahAverage rating
Squad number15Player nameOxlade-ChamberlainAverage rating
Squad number18Player nameMinaminoAverage rating
Squad number9Player nameRoberto FirminoAverage rating
Squad number27Player nameOrigiAverage rating
Squad number66Player nameAlexander-ArnoldAverage rating
BurnleyAvgSquad number5Player nameTarkowskiAverage rating
Squad number1Player namePopeAverage rating
Squad number10Player nameBarnesAverage rating
Squad number6Player nameMeeAverage rating
Squad number2Player nameLowtonAverage rating
Squad number11Player nameMcNeilAverage rating
Squad number3Player nameTaylorAverage rating
Squad number18Player nameWestwoodAverage rating
Squad number9Player nameWoodAverage rating
Squad number8Player nameBrownhillAverage rating
Squad number12Player nameBradyAverage rating
Squad number7Player nameGudmundssonAverage rating
Squad number23Player namePietersAverage rating
- Line-upsMatch StatsLive Text
- 1Alisson66Alexander-Arnold32MatipBooked at 87mins3FabinhoBooked at 45mins26Robertson23ShaqiriSubstituted forMinaminoat 84'minutes6Thiago Alcántara5Wijnaldum15Oxlade-ChamberlainSubstituted forFirminoat 57'minutes27OrigiSubstituted forSalahat 57'minutes10Mané
- 7Milner9Firmino11Salah17Jones18Minamino21Tsimikas47Phillips62Kelleher76N Williams
- 1Pope2Lowton5Tarkowski6Mee3TaylorSubstituted forPietersat 49'minutes12BradySubstituted forGudmundssonat 65'minutes18Westwood8Brownhill11McNeil9Wood10BarnesBooked at 39mins
Referee:Mike DeanMatch StatsHome TeamLiverpoolAway TeamBurnleyPossessionHome72%Away28%ShotsHome27Away6Shots on TargetHome6Away4CornersHome12Away0FoulsHome11Away8Live TextPost update
Match ends, Liverpool 0, Burnley 1.
Second Half ends, Liverpool 0, Burnley 1.
Offside, Burnley. Dwight McNeil tries a through ball, but Chris Wood is caught offside.
Corner, Liverpool. Conceded by Erik Pieters.
Attempt blocked. Takumi Minamino (Liverpool) left footed shot from the centre of the box is blocked.
Corner, Liverpool. Conceded by Josh Brownhill.
Attempt missed. Dwight McNeil (Burnley) left footed shot from the left side of the box is close, but misses the top left corner. Assisted by Ashley Barnes.
Corner, Liverpool. Conceded by Ben Mee.
Attempt blocked. Roberto Firmino (Liverpool) right footed shot from the centre of the box is blocked. Assisted by Trent Alexander-Arnold.
Attempt missed. Trent Alexander-Arnold (Liverpool) right footed shot from the right side of the box misses to the left. Assisted by Sadio Mané with a cross.
Joel Matip (Liverpool) is shown the yellow card for hand ball.
Hand ball by Joel Matip (Liverpool).
Attempt blocked. Mohamed Salah (Liverpool) left footed shot from the right side of the box is blocked. Assisted by Sadio Mané.
Substitution, Liverpool. Takumi Minamino replaces Xherdan Shaqiri.
Goal! Liverpool 0, Burnley 1. Ashley Barnes (Burnley) converts the penalty with a right footed shot to the bottom right corner.
Penalty conceded by Alisson (Liverpool) after a foul in the penalty area.
Penalty Burnley. Ashley Barnes draws a foul in the penalty area.
Foul by Joel Matip (Liverpool).
Dwight McNeil (Burnley) wins a free kick on the left wing.
Attempt blocked. Sadio Mané (Liverpool) right footed shot from the left side of the box is blocked. Assisted by Andrew Robertson.
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